Pre TOEFL Guide, Academic English Practice, Stirling B., 2017

Pre TOEFL Guide, Academic English Practice, Stirling B., 2017.

   Do you plan to take TOEFL or IELTS but are not ready for the challenge? Do you need more practice? If you do, then this book is for you. It is also for those who just want to practice academic English. Whatever your purpose, this book will give you the foundation in academic English you need for TOEFL and IELTS success.

Pre TOEFL Guide, Academic English Practice, Stirling B., 2017


Exercise #29: Summary Writing - Level 1.
Task: Read each passage, then summarize it objectively in writing.
1 1. The Emperor penguin is the largest penguin in the world, standing on average
2 45 inches tall. To survive the harsh Antarctic winters, they huddle together for
3 warmth. This cooperative behavior is unique in the animal world. The female
4 gives birth to one egg, then leaves it behind with the male as she goes off in
5 search of food. Food is in the ocean, often a 30-mile walk from the rookery.

1 2. Leonardo Da Vinci was born in the hilltop town of Vinci on April 15, 1452. He
2 was a polymath, a man who was an expert in many different subject areas. Da
3 Vinci is famous for his inventions, such as the flying machine and the para-
4 chute. He was a genius far ahead of his time, yet most of his invention never
5 left the drawing board. He never married and died in 1519 at the age of 67.

1 3. Inventory is a business word that describes the total amount of goods or
2 material that a company has on hand. Taking inventory means counting those
3 goods and material. Taking inventory is an essential business practice. Facto-
4 ry owners, for example, need to know how many finished products are availa-
5 ble for sale and if they have the material to build more products. Car dealers
6 often have high inventory. To move their old inventory, they often have sales,
7 particularly at the end of the year when new car models are arriving.

Contents.
What is Pre-TOEFL?.
TOEFL Facts.
The TOEFL iBT.
Task Order.
What does the TOEFL iBT Measure?.
Topics - TOEFL is a Teaching Test.
Can I Fail TOEFL?.
What TOEFL iBT Score do I need?.
How important is TOEFL?.
What is the SAT?.
How to Register for TOEFL.
How to Prepare for TOEFL.
Taking a TOEFL Class.
Self-Study.
TOEFL Lessons Online.
The Scope of this Book.
Part I - Argument Strategies.
What is an Argument?.
Rhetorical Strategies.
1. Narration.
2. Process.
3. Description.
4. Illustration.
5. Compare-Contrast.
6. Definition.
7. Classification.
8. Cause-Effect.
Exercise #1: Rhetorical Strategies - Level 1.
Exercise #2: Rhetorical Strategies - Level 2.
Exercise #3: Rhetorical Strategies - Level 3.
Exercise #4: Writing and!Rhetorical Strategies.
Exercise #5: Listening for!Rhetorical Strategies - Audio Track #1.
Reasons.
Exercise #6: Reasons - Level 1.
Exercise #7: Reasons - Level 2.
Exercise #8: Reasons - Level 3.
Exercise #9: Writing and!Reasons.
Exercise #10: Listening for!Reasons - Audio Track #2.
Inferring - Reading Between the Lines.
Exercise #11: Inferring - Level 1.
Exercise #12: Inferring - Level 2.
Exercise #13: Inferring - Level 3.
Exercise #14: Writing and!Inferring.
Exercise #15: Listening and!Inferring - Audio Track #3.
Topic + Controlling Idea.
Exercise #16: Topic + Controlling Idea - Level 1.
Exercise #17: Topic + Controlling Idea - Level 2.
Exercise #18: Topic + Controlling Idea - Level 3.
Exercise #19: Writing - Topic + Controlling Idea.
Exercise #20: Listening - Topic + Controlling Idea - Audio Track #4.
Writing a Personal Essay.
Subjective Thesis - Persuading an Audience.
Identifying a Subjective Thesis - Rules!#hecklist.
Subjective Thesis - No Signal Phrase.
Subjective Thesis - Well-Developed.
Subjective Writing - Short Personal Essay.
Exercise #21: Rhetorical Strategy Analysis.
Exercise #22: Writing Short Personal Essays.
TOEFL Independent Essay - The 5-Paragraph Essay.
Exercise #23: Writing TOEFL Independent Essays.
Writing an Objective Essay.
Objective Thesis - Informing and Educating.
Identifying an Objective Thesis - Rules Checklist.
Objective Thesis vs. - Subjective Thesis.
Exercise #24: Thesis Identification - Level 1.
Exercise #25: Thesis Identification - Level 2.
Exercise #26: Thesis Identification - Level 3.
Exercise #27: Listening - Thesis Identification - Audio Track #5.
Objective Writing - Short Objective Essay.
Exercise #28: Writing a Short Objective Essay.
Summary Writing - Rhetorical Strategies.
Exercise #29: Summary Writing - Level 1.
Exercise #30: Summary Writing - Level 2.
Exercise #31: Summary Writing - Level 3.
Speaking Practice.
Automaticity - Verbal Brainstorming.
Exercise #32: Nouns - Level 1.
Exercise #33: Nouns - Level 2.
Exercise #34: Nouns - Level 3.
Exercise #35: Adjectives - Level 1.
Exercise #36: Adjectives - Level 2.
Exercise #37: Adjectives - Level 3.
Exercise #38: Adverbs - Level 1.
Exercise #39: Adverbs - Level 2.
Exercise #40: Adverbs - Level 3.
Exercise #41: Verbs - Level 1.
Exercise #42: Verbs - Level 2.
Exercise #43: Verbs - Level 3.
Exercise #44: Phrasal Verbs - Level 1.
Exercise #45: Phrasal Verbs - Level 2.
Exercise #46: Phrasal Verbs - Level 3.
Speaking - Rhetorical Strategies.
Speaking - Definition.
Exercise #47: Level 1.
Exercise #48: Level 2.
Exercise #49: Level 3.
Speaking - Illustration + Description.
Exercise #50: Level 1.
Exercise #51: Level 2.
Exercise #52: Level 3.
Speaking - Definition + Illustration + Description.
Exercise #53: Level 1.
Exercise #54: Level 2.
Exercise #55: Level 3.
Speaking - Compare-and-Contrast.
Exercise #56: Level 1.
Exercise #57: Level 2.
Exercise #58: Level 3.
Speaking - Cause-and-Effect - Reasons.
Exercise #59: Level 1.
Exercise #60: Level 2.
Exercise #61: Level 3.
Speaking - Narration.
Exercise #62: Level 1.
Exercise #63: Level 2.
Exercise #64: Level 3.
Speaking - Stating a Subjective Verbal Opinion.
Exercise #65: Level 1.
Exercise #66: Level 2.
Exercise #67: Level 3.
Speaking - Subjective Verbal Opinion + Reason.
Exercise #68: Level 1.
Exercise #69: Level 2.
Exercise #70: Level 3.
Speaking - Short Subjective Verbal Argument.
Exercise #71: Level 1.
Exercise #72: Level 2.
Exercise #73: Level 3.
Topic Development - The Five W’s.
Exercise #74: Level 1.
Exercise #75: Level 2.
Exercise #76: Level 3.
Speaking - Short Verbal Arguments - More Practice.
Exercise #77: Level 1.
Exercise #78: Level 2.
Exercise #79: Level 3.
Speaking - Verbal Summaries.
Exercise #80: Level 1.
Exercise #81: Level 2.
Exercise #82: Level 3.
Part II ! Academic English Practice.
Structure - Exercise #1.
Written Expression - Exercise #1.
Vocabulary - Exercise #1.
Structure - Exercise #2.
Written Expression - Exercise #2.
Vocabulary - Exercise #2.
Structure - Exercise #3.
Written Expression - Exercise #3.
Vocabulary - Exercise #3.
Structure - Exercise #4.
Written Expression - Exercise #4.
Vocabulary - Exercise #4.
Structure - Exercise #5.
Written Expression - Exercise #5.
Vocabulary - Exercise #5.
Structure - Exercise #6.
Written Expression - Exercise #6.
Vocabulary - Exercise #6.
Structure - Exercise #7.
Written Expression - Exercise #7.
Vocabulary - Exercise #7.
Structure - Exercise #8.
Written Expression - Exercise #8.
Vocabulary - Exercise #8.
Structure - Exercise #9.
Written Expression - Exercise #9.
Vocabulary - Exercise 9.
Structure - Exercise #10.
Written Expression - Exercise #10.
Vocabulary - Exercise10.
Answer Key and Tape Scripts.
TOEFL vs. IELTS Conversion Charts.



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